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tv   Fareed Zakaria GPS  CNN  May 5, 2013 7:00am-8:01am PDT

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expected to attend today's ceremony and more than 10,000 students will get their diplomas. thank you for watching "state of the union" i'm candy crowley in washington. head to cnn.com/sotu for analysis and extras. if you missed any part of today show, find us on itunes, search state of the union. fareed zakaria "gps" is next for our viewers here in the united states. this is "gps the global public square." welcome to all of you in the united states and around the world, i'm fareed zakaria. let's start the show with a look at syria, guantanamo and how to fix what ailes us in america. we have a terrific panel, richard haass, joe klein and anne-marie slaughter. next, salman rushdie thoughts on
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the bombing in america. what is the easiest way to drive the u.s. deficit down and create jobs? i'll give you a hint, we need to turn illegal into legal. i'll explain. but, first, here's my take. those urging america to intervene in syria are sure of one thing. if we had gotten in sooner, things would be better in that war-torn country. had the obama administration gotten involved earlier, there would be less instability and fewer killings. we would not be seen in john mccain's words this week -- >> astrosities on a scale we have not seen in a long, long time. >> in fact, we have seen atrocities much worse than those in syria recently. in iraq only a few years ago from 2003 to 2012, despite there being as many as 180,000 american and allied troops in iraq, somewhere between 150,000 and 300,000 iraqi civilians died and about 1.5 million fled the
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country. jihadi groups flourished throughout iraq and al qaeda had a huge presence there. and yet more terribletheni thin happen there than in syria. why? not to make comparisons of atrocitiau atrociti atrocities. we can learn a lot from our experience there. all the features of syria's civil war that are supposedly the result of u.s. nonintervention bloomed in iraq, despite america's massive intervention there. in iraq, under u.s. occupation, jihadi terrorists flourished. they employed tactics that were brutal beyond belief putting electric drills through people's heads and burning others alive and dumping still breathing victims into mask graves. these struggles get vicious for a reason. the stakes are very high. joshua america's leading scholar
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in syria points out that syria is the last of three great minority rule regimes in the middle east. in lebanon, the first. the christian minority was displaced in a 15-year bloody civil war. in iraq, the u.s. displaced the sunni minority but then fought back brutally. again, a long, bloody civil war. syria is following precisely that battle. the minority regime fights to the end because it fears for its life once out of power. the sunnis of iraq even against the american military because they knew that life under the majority shia would be ugly as it proves to be. the ruling sect in syria will fight even harder because they are a smaller minority and have further to fall. now, would u.s. intervention, no-fly zones lead to the opposition, make things better? well, it depends on what one means by better. certainly intensify the civil
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war and it would also make the regime of assad more desperate. perhaps assad has already used chemical weapons with his back against the wall, he might use them on a larger scale. if the objective is actually to reduce the atrocities and minimize instability, the key will be a political settlement that gives each side minorities and majority an assurance that it has a place in the new syria. that was never achieved in iraq, which is why despite u.s. troops and influence, the situation turned into a violent free for all. if some kind of political pact can be reached, there's hope for syria. if it cannot, the u.s. assistance to the rebels or even direct military intervention won't change much. syria will follow the pattern of lebanon in iraq, a long, bloody, civil war. the united states will be in the middle of it. for more on this, read my "time" column this week. find a link to it on cnn.com/fareed. let's get started.
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syria will be one of many topics for today's panel. we'll also talk about boston terror, the gitmo hungry strike. joining me joe klein political columnist for "time" magazine. richard haass and order of a newly released book "foreign policy begins at home." and ann-marie slaughter, the future president of the new america foundation. all right. you heard me anne-marie and i think having read your stuff that you disagree with me. why am i wrong about syria? >> in the first place, you're wrong, because this isn't iraq. iraq we were a large part of the problem. we went in, we took out the government, our continue being there contributed to the sur surgeoncy and the conflict. i think we should get rid of the
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analogies and look at syria on what it is. which is a conflict that has gone on for two years that has killed 70,000 to 80,000 syrians, displaced 1 million or more and is destabilizing the entire region. destabilizing lebanon, turkey, iraq, jordan, threatening possibly israel. just looking at that and then looking at the fract that now the administration has acknowledged that they have been using chemical weapons and, indeed, evidence they have been using chemical weapons since christmas. we have to act. if we do not act , this country will come apart completely. we are looking five to more years of vicious internal war that then spills over into the region. and equally importantly, president obama said if he uses chemical weapons, that's a game changer. that's a red line. now, they have used chemical weapons and president obama is saying, well, we need to figure out the facts. i agree. he needs to figure out the
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facts. but he's basically trying to create some room for himself so he doesn't have to act. i think his credibility is on the line. his credibility is on the line with respect to iran and respect to convincing israel. but just more broadly we have to lead. this problem is getting worse and worse and coerce aworse. >> i know you're more cautious, but tell me on the chemical weapons piece. does that make any difference? i'm struck that we call them weapons of mass destruction, which was something essentially invented during the bush administration because they were worried that saddam wouldn't have nuclear weapons and so they lumped everything and called it weapons of mass destruction. >> chemical weapons are not weapons of mass destruction because they're much more local in their effects. on the other hand, we have said that if they were to be used, something of a red line. we have to act as anne-marie said. but there's acting and there's
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acting. syria is not the entire chess board. it's one square. how much are we wise to commit there? i would say simply given everything else going on in the region, iran, given what's going on in asia and our strategic requirements to rebuild here at home, we need to limit what we do. second of all, you have to listen to what you have been saying, given the nature of syria and actually think given the sectearian divides in that country, almost no matter how much we commit, we will not have an outcome that will be commensurate. we do some things, lethal aid and maybe cruise missile strikes and more importantly than what we do is not we do not do in syria. >> do you think obama should have drawn that red line? >> no. i think the president has been talking way too much across the board when it comes to foreign policy. you know, the chinese believe that, the chinese act as if the strongest person in any room is the guy who speaks, in china
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it's always the guy, who speaks the least. the president with this red line and also with the notion of taking deterrence off the table. and in iran has been making a series of statements that he's going to have to follow through on at some point or another and he may not want to follow through on. you know, i think that the president's actual position on iran would be containment because nobody really wants to go to war there. and, so, i think he has to be a lot more disciplined in the kind of things that he says. he's been very disciplined in the kind of things that he has done. and i think that he's essentially done the right thing in syria. >> can i ask you what you would like it see us do because one thing i'm struck by. people who want to intervene often say that and not only thinking of you, anne-marie, but lindsey graham, we would never use american troops or do qung to put us in the middle of it.
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how are we go going to achieve these fairly ama bibitious goal. we'll do it by remote control freedom magic. >> i suppose the only way to get a laugh on such a dismal subject. >> so, a year and a half ago i suggested that we armed those groups that we knew to actually support the principles we would support. exactly the group, the syrian support group who for the first time we're transferring aid to directly 18 months later. we do know who those groups are and we could have been providing them with much more arm as for a long time. as things have escalated, i think we need to be more act aive. the next thing we could do is take out their air force. right? cruise missiles through air, we could actually make it much, much harder for him to use chemical weapons. richard, i don't know, assad's father used chemical weapons and killed 20,000 people, possibly up to 30,000 or 40,000 at one
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go. that's enough mass destruction for me. i can't imagine being subject to a chemical attack. but i would take out his air force and, actually, i think, it is possible to have a no-fly zone or to have safe zones, which would ultimately. what we need to do is tip the balance of power within syria so that the people supporting assad have a reason to come to the negotiatoring table. we do have a political settlement, but zero incentive for assad and his people to actually negotiate. he's got russia and iran behind him and we want him out. we need to tip the balance of power. >> trying to take out their air force and all that to fly over the whole country, that's called going to war. you have over 5,000 pieces of air defense there. that's a big undertaking. secondly, we won't have a negotiate aed sett esettle lmen. this is a fight to the finish. among the majority, once they get rid of this regime, the only
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thing they agreed on was getting rid of this regime. we are in for a prolonged civil war in syria. like lebanon, like iraq, sectarian things have to burn out. this is going to take years. and it's going to spill over into lebanon and already has spilled over into lebanon. i'm really worried about hezbollah getting those chemical weapons but i do believe that we have pretty, a lot of evidence now that when we go in the unintended consequences dwarf our original, wonderful intentions or sometimes not so wonderful intentions. >> we'll have to take a break right now. when we come back, guantanamo and some of the domestic challenges that president obama faces. probiotic cap each day helps defend against these digestive issues with three strains of good bacteria. live the regular life. phillips'. man: how did i get here? dumb luck? or good decisions?
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we do whatever it takes to make your business our business. od. helping the world keep promises. and we are back with richard haas, anne-marie slaughter and joe klein. anne-marie, did the president write that guantanamo should be closed and if he's right, why isn't it closed? >> he is right. he is absolutely right. you have over 100 people being held in guantanamo, more or less for life. they haven't been charged. no possibility of trial. this country was founded on the
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basic principle that you have the right to know why you're being held and to be tried. and although, you know, we've been fighting a war with al qaeda and we took them as prisoners of war, we just can't hold them forever. he's absolutely right. we have to close it. the reason it's not being closed is that congress made it impossible to move them here and try them and made it impossible to move them to other countries where they could actually be watched there. ultimately, i think the president simply has to say, this cannot be he can find legal strategies to say, i'm going to move them out and restrictions on my doing so are unconstitutional or he can simply lead within congress. but we cannot have these people here for the rest of their lives and over 50 right now are hunger striking or on, really, to the point where we're having to force feed them and we'll see many, many more unless there is a possibility of getting them out. >> you, speaking of presidential authority, you and your column
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in "time" this week say you're glad that president obama is finally getting angry. you were looking at the gun control debate. >> i think moderates have to start getting angry because the extremists have so much control over our system. in this case, in the guantanamo case, we have international terrorists who are in a super max prison in colorado. that was going to be another super max prison, it acatually already exists and illinois was going to be reinforced and we were going to put a lot of the guantanamo prisoners there but the republicans in congress blocked it. this was a matter of politics, not policy. in this care they're playing political games. >> in the book out this week, you feel that one of the things we've got to do when looking at foreign policy, looking at these issues of terrorism is kind of remember that, ultimately, our strength comes from the fact that we fix things at home. do you worry that, i mean, if you think about it, we're
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talking syria, iran, we haven't even talked about afghanistan and there is north korea and issues like guantanamo, al qaeda. is it possible for us to, you know, put all that in perspective or, you know, in some ways ignore that? >> not a question of ignoring it, but a question of putting it in perspective. foreign policy is about strategy. strategy is about priorities. there is nothing we could talk about at this table that is anything like the scale of nazi germany in the middle of the 20th century. we actually have a little bit of time and space and we need to use that time and space to repair the foundations of american power our economy, our schools, our immigration system. if we do that, we can discourage the emergence of our country on our level or if one can happen all the same, we should deal with it. for 20 years now the middle east distracted us. the time to end that era of
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american foreign policy and put a ceiling on it and focus the rest of the world more and above all, focus here at home. that is ultimately the way we'll be able to lead the world. >> if you have a magic wand and get the president to focus at home, what would you say the top three things at your list. >> the cancer hanging over the american body politics. fix our infrastructure, takes very little money to do it through public/private relationships. the driver of innovation and jobs and resist the temptation to get pulled into the middle east. i want to pull back, middle east keeps pulling me back. the president has to resist the temptation. keep focused on asia and north america and remember, as i said, foreign policy really does begin at home. if we get it right here, we will make a 21st century another american century. >> another one would be to deal with the financial sector. we have to have our smartest
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young people making things instead of making deals. >> and i would build an infrastructure of care. i would build an infrastructure that people would both earn an income and care for either their children or their parents or loved one generally. that means better schools and better health, but it also means things like affordable day care and paid family leave. the flexible arrangements and ways in which we essentially leave no one behind. >> early childhood and education have big payoffs. one of the reasons northern -- >> if they're done well. one reason the sequester is so bad. confuses spending with investment. >> we actually found a point of agreement. up next, what in the world. a way to create jobs, increase tax revenues and expand the economy. and both parties should agree on it. how can it be? i'll explain. tdd: 1-800-345-2550 searching for a bank designed for investors like you?
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now for our "what in the world segment." the latest numbers show slow growth in the united states. bad for jobs, income and even those worried about the deficit because it means lower tax revenues. and it has prompted a revival of the partisan debate about what to do about it. well, there's one idea out there that could have support from both parties. i was struck by a study i saw this week. it turns out, there is one very simple way to increase tax revenues, expand gdp and create jobs all at the same time. what's more, congress is already weighing it. it's called immigration reform. how and why you ask. well, a new paper from the left leaning center for american progress actually calculates the economic impact of immigration reform. the study outlines three scenarios. in the first, all of america 11 million undocumented immigrants are granted not just legal status, but also citizenship right away. what happens? over the course of ten years gdp
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expands by an additional $1.4 trillion. an additional 203,000 jobs are generated on average every year. and tax revenues increase by an additional $184 billion over the course of a decade. these are huge jumps. now, granted, there are a number of hurdles towards granting citizenship. here undocumented immigrants are granted legal status, but it takes five years to become citizens. look at the gains. gdp expands by an additional $1.1 trillion over the ten-year period and job and tax increase, as well. undocumented immigrants are not granted citizenship during the ten years of the study's projections. instead, they are only granted legal status, even here gdp expands by an additional $832 billion over the ten years, an average of 121,000 aextra jobs are added every year and tax revenues grow by an additional
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$109 billion. how does this happen? the study's author make the case that legalizing undocumented workers brings them into the formal economy. now, they have to pay income taxes, social security and health care taxes and all those other things you see on your wage stub. it also gives them access to many more jobs and at higher wages. all these gains then go on to have ripple effects across the economy boosting gdp growth. critics often point out if illegal immigrants become citizens they become a burden on the system. but these arguments ignore basic economics. immigrants with legal papers are transformed into contributing members of society. and access to society services also makes them safer, healthier and more productive. this isn't just a left-wing argument. on the right, douglas aiken under george w. bush and john
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mccain economic adviser during his presidential campaign recently pointed out that immigration reform could raise the pace of economic growth by nearly 1 percentage point in the near term and increase gdp per capita by $1,500. a recent pew survey found that only 51% of americans think it's essential for the president and congress to act on immigration reform this year. compare that with the 70% of americans who say that congress must pass a deficit reduction deal this year. the irony is, the two are actually linked. a wealth of data now shows that immigration reform will lead to deficit reduction and the sooner we act, the greater the gains for the economy. up next, is it the end of astaiusterity in europe? i have two smart economic experts. later on salman rushdie.
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how old is the oldest person you've known? we gave people a sticker and had them show us. we learned a lot of us have known someone who's lived well into their 90s. and that's a great thing. but even though we're living longer, one thing that hasn't changed: the official retirement age. ♪ the question is how do you make sure you have the money you need to enjoy all of these years. ♪
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♪ protect your mouth, with fixodent. the adhesive helps create a food seal defense for a clean mouth and kills bacteria for fresh breath. ♪ fixodent, and forget it. i'm candy crowley in washington with a check of the headlines. syria's deputy foreign minister is calling an overnight air strike on the country a declaration of war by israel. syrian state television says israeli rockets hit a government research facility in a suburb of damascus. syria says it will retaliate against israel in its own time and way.
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enthuienthusiast crowd gree jeff last night. he served as the bruins' honorary captain. he lost both legs in the bombing, but was able to provide investigators with critical information that helped identify the bombers. by the way, the maple leafs won that game, 4-2. five women were killed when their limousine caught fire in the san francisco bay area saturday night. five other women were able to escape as flames overtook the vehicle as it traveled on a san mateo bridge. no word on what caused that fire. a recreational soccer league referee in utah has died after being punched in the face by a teenage player. he was refereeing a game late last month when he cited a player for an infraction. police say that decision prompted the 17-year-old player to punch him. the teenager is in juvenile custody.
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those are your top stories. "reliable sources" is at the top of the hour. now back to "fareed zakaria gps." may day was a day of protests this week across europe, spain, greece, protesters hit the streets angry about the economy. but they are also expressing anger about austerity. with a number of politicians in the west admitting that austerity is failing, is it the end of austerity? i'm joined by two very smart economic thinkers and writers gillian tett and rana foroohar. you wrote a column where you said everyone is looking at the numbers from the economic u.s. and said they're bad. you found a silver lining. >> yes, absolutely. the government spending has been down. we're feeling the effects of the sequester and if you look at the 2% economy, which we've been in now for a couple of years, that's in part due to the fact
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that the public sector has cut back so much. if you strip the public sector out, the growth numbers go up above 3%. about 3.1% and most of that is down to the consumer. american consumers have done a really good job of balancing their budgets, getting out of credit card debt, managing their own personal finances and now dip a little bit farther into savings than they used to and that's what they did last quarter. >> she's highlighting one of the great unsung stories of the last year, which is that consumers have actually managed to adjust to the new normal, if you like. credit card debt, which was such a key factor in creating pains in american households during the bubble, that credit card debt is now down to ten-year low. people have been trimming their spending and what that means is that the consumers are not in quite the kind of situation that your grandfather was in 40, 50 years ago in terms of debt, but something much healthier. >> you said, you know, taking out the effects of reduced government spending. this economy looks pretty good.
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that's companies and people are moving pretty well. do you think that people now feel that the government has been cutting back too much in a period of weak economic demand? in other words, are we actually witnessing a kind of shift where people are going to say, enough austerity. let's try to actually doing it. i hear the academic debate -- >> political gridlock in washington is going to make it hard to come up with the kind of spending that would actually be useful. yes, i would love to see more spending on things like infrastructure and spending. but there is this push back now against austerity. we can see that it hasn't worked well in europe and we can see that the government and public spending, the lack of public spending is a real drag on growth in this country. we just have the effect of being the prettiest house on an ugly block. we are still doing well compared to others. >> in europe, people like the
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president of ireland saying austerity. >> we had some astonishing statements from ireland saying that it's not just bad economic union but social union and political union and if that phrase, the euro zone because the reality of the countries like ireland, like greece, like israel and portugal are getting absolutely fed up by being told by the germans and the imf that they have to do more austerity. you can see the results. 27% unemployment rate in spain. potentially even higher if you actually look at the numbers properly. similar levels in portugal and greece. you had an entire generation being thrown into the garbage can right now and the problem with that is they're not spending and stimulating the economy and not seeing the demand that you're getting in america. >> i think, also, you may start to see a shift in germany after the elections. you know, there's always been a lot of posturing on the part of
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other german leaders because they want the rest of europe to get the sense, well, germans will cough up money but if you behave more german or thriftier. that is the stance she has to take politically to sell any kind of bailout in germany. after the election, an increasing realization that germany has as much to lose if not more than any other european country if there is a fracture in the euro zone. a lot of their trading partners are in the euro zone. if they go under the expert economy, which is the driver, is going to be an issue. >> fascinating. you think that this fire in bangladesh in the factory might make us rethink this whole idea of outsourcing manufacturing all over the world. >> yeah. i did a cover a couple weeks ago with a colleague about the made in america phenomenon and a lot of people were talking about how manufacturing is back and it is back. the jobs haven't come back in mass yet because there are still these big, complex supply chains in places like india and china.
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but thing i heard a lot from ceos was how risky these supply chains are now. they might cut a deal with a supplier and send inspectors, but those suppliers on the ground have outsource to, you know, mom and pop shops that are very difficult to regulate. this is a kind of political risk and a risk on the ground that is very hard to police. and i think companies have lost billions in recent years reputationally around these things. i think this coupled with rising energy prices that make it more cost effective to do production closer to home and the need for quick, customized products will all start to push people to start thinking about moving manufacturing closer to home. >> have you ever thought where your dress was made. i didn't think about it. we take for granted the prices are low. we are starting to see because
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of bangladesh is fire and social media is a degree that consumers can turn on a dime and serious brand damage very quickly. the question of where things are made is increasingly important and also from purely rational perspective today the fact that you have american wages becoming more competitive on global standard. the fact that actually the cost of moving things around the world physically is high means that, again, we could see more and more of this kind of reshoring, if you like. this localization and taking hold of the theme. >> it's been fascinating. two brilliant women on and you don't even disagree. up next, salman rushdie on the boston bombings, immigration and more. and i shop at walmart. truth is, over sixty percent of america shops at walmart every month. i find what i need, at a great price. and the money i save goes to important things. braces for my daughter. a little something for my son's college fund.
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when people look at me, i hope they see someone building a better life. vo: living better: that's the real walmart.
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on august 15th, 1947, at the stroke of the midnight hour, india became an independent country. that one instant has spawned a billion dreams. it also became the starting point of one of the great novels of our times, "midnight's children." all the children born between midnight and 1:00 a.m. assumed
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magical powers. >> a child and country were born at midnight. >> three decades on, the award winning book is now a movie out in theaters. i spoke to rushdie about the film and we began by delving into a somewhat different subject. how immigration impacts people in light of the boston bombings. listen in. salman rushdie, pleasure to have you on. >> thank you. >> when you looked at the picture that we know of the tsarnaev brothers, of these immigrants who come to the west. you know, something goes wrong. something goes wrong and the family structure. the father clearly feels home sickened and wants to go back. perhaps the parents divorce, riff within the family. the brother seems unable to make his way in the world. does it strike you as a kind of heightened version of traditional immigrant problems? >> i think it is in a way.
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i thought the uncle had it right. when he said that their problem was one of making a successful of the lives in the new world, so to speak. he called them losers, which i thought was a much better description than terrorists. >> he was trying to say, don't blame all these larger things. >> i think as these little snippets of information leak out, they all seem to be supporting that point of view, this isn't part of some grand conspiracy. you know, a couple of very disturbed young people, you know, turning in this direction because of the failure of their lives. >> we sometimes do forget in the united states because we celebrate immigration as we should that there are -- >> there is a down side. >> in a way, you know, i'm a double immigrant and immigrant from india to england and from
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england to here. i have written about this my whole life and, as you say, much of it is something that i tried to celebrate. all the great enriching qualities that come from the active migration, both from the migrant and for the migrated, too, country. and that's, i think, truly what's important even at these times. that actually we are all culturally enriched. there is a dark side. this is the dark side. >> being a double immigrant, what is your sense of the difference between immigrants in britain versus the united states. the conventional wisdom which i probably share is that america has been much more successful. >> i mean, that's one thing. a lot of the immigrants that came to england came from very, very poor communities. they came from places like in pakistan and bangladesh and
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india. they didn't come from the upper middle class. they came from the rural port. and as a result, their cultural understanding and expectations were much more traumatized by the engagement with western industrialized culture. >> all over europe. these people have tended to be poor, rural immigrants. >> this is just a generalization. but in the states, the communities that exist really are more middle class than that and therefore, i think, more easily able to adjust to urban life in america because they're from familiar with urban middle class life. is it that, too. i always wanted to, it depends where in america you are. one thing that is interesting about a city like new york is that there's much less of a sense of a dominant culture. you know, there's much more of a sense that everybody's culture is part of, goes together to
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make the culture of the city. in england, again, i think a much stronger sense of that government culture to which people have to, with which they have to make an accommodation. here you can push things around. >> people genuinely don't care where you're from. everyone comes from somewhere. >> i mean part of that, again, has a down side which is a lack of awareness of history. speaking of a historian. i want to know where people are from and what their life experience has been and what brought them here from there. it makes it easier, you come to new york and two weeks later you're in new york and that makes life a little easier. >> this movie, which is the movie of, really, the book that made you famous even before, does it make it weird to see something that you had in your mind's eye. you must have conjured up this whole world in your mind's eye
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and now -- >> one of the things that doesn't -- there are things that feel weird about it. the fact that the story on film can't be exactly the same as the book. there are shifts of tone. you know, i think the tone of the film is slightly different than the tone of the book. it's more openly emotional, for example. i think, the movie. the movie has a bigger emotional kick. i don't think people cry "midnight's children" bought lot of people cry watching the movie. that's a little strange seeing the same story told by another artist and coming out with a slightly different tonal quality. >> and the movie is in very simple terms about cross lives. about two people whose lives got switched and then reunited, you know, watch the movie and see what happens. but, do you think that -- do you worry that people will have to understand the history of india? >> no. i think my rule, whether it's a
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book or a movie has always been that the work of art has to tell people what they need to know. you have to come with no information. let's go see a movie. i think there's a sense in which it's not so hard for people here to connect. this is also a country which has a revolution against the british. a little earlier. and so that phenomenon of the meaning of independence and casting off a colonel power and then the optimism of that moment. you know, the hope of that moment and then, in many ways, the disappointment of that hope. it's something that i think it's easy to connect to from the history of america, as well. and i think those key relationships between individuals and power, you know, how does, how do the great events of history impact ordinary individual lives. these are questions we ask ourselves all the time. >> salman rushdie, pleasure to have you on. >> thank you. up next, why russia is
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catching stalin fever all over again. i'll explain. at od, whatever business you're in, that's the business we're in. with premium service like one of the best on-time delivery records and a low claims ratio, we do whatever it takes to make your business our business. od. helping the world keep promises.
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a few weeks ago we were
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reminded that north and south korea are still at war. after the kindom declared the cease-fire was null and void. two more countries that are still technically at war, many decades after the shooting stopped. so, the question of the week is, which of these pairs of countries are still at war? which war is still being fought, technically? is it "a," the u.s. and vietnam. the vietnam war. "b" the u.s. and iraq, the iraq war. "c" the uk and germany after world war i or, "d," russia and japan after world war ii. stay tuned and we'll tell you the correct answer. go to cnn.com/fareed for more of the gps challenge. lots of insight and analysis. you can also follow ous on twitter and facebook. also, remember, you can go to itune itunes.com/fareed if you miss a show or a special. it's called "foreign policy
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begins at home." a brief, sensible and highly intelligible argument that america's influence abroad comes first and foremost from its strength at home. now, for the last look. everything old is new again. and capitalist russia is seemingly catching stalin fever all over, again. 60 years after the death of the dictator who murdered millions, his reputation seems to have a rehabilitation. 40% of russians said stalin was a wise leader who brought it to might and prosperity. on wednesday may day parades in russia celebrated stalin and none other than president putin invoked his legacy in a ceremony. the first to be named a soviet hero of socialist labor. some 20,000 people were so honored after him. but then, like the "ussr" the awards ended bankruptly in 1991.
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20 years later, putin bestowed honors now hero of labor. mr. putin said of his own regime, i don't see any elements of stalinism here. well, we could point to one. the correct answer to our gps challenge question, "d," russia and japan are still at war after world war ii. never having come to peace terms. but president putin and the president met this week and announced that peace negotiations would reshume soon. bonus points if you knew that the u.s. officially ended its war with iraq only in 2011 and while the uk and germany weren't officially at war, the final aspect of world war i between the two nations wasn't settled until 2010 when berlin made its final payment. one programming note, next friday night at 11:00 p.m. eastern time right here on cnn,
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you can see the premiere of the next gps special. "beyond the manhunt, how to stop terror." a deep look inside american intelligence and how it can best keep us safe. don't miss it. that's friday night at 11:00 p.m. thank you to all of you for being part of my program this week. i will see you next week. stay tuned for "reliable sources." i'm howard kurtz and this is "reliable sources." the show is turning a critical lens on the media. this time the media mistake was mine. here is what happened and why i did what i did. on monday i read the "sports illustrated" article by jason collins. i read it too fast and said he was previously engaged t